Discover the language of CERN
They allow for a graphical representation of processes of disintegration and scattering of particles and correspond to integrals, which, when calculated, make finding the probability of a given process possible.
A project aimed at the first observation of a tau neutrino by sending a muon neutrino beam from CERN to Laboratori Nazionali del Gran Sasso in Italy.
Future Circular Collider accelerator planned for construction at CERN. The project is developing designs for a new research infrastructure that will be used to build the next generation of high-performance particle colliders to expand the scope of research currently being conducted at the LHC. The goal of the FCC is to push the energy and intensity limits of particle collisions to reach collision energies of 100 TeV in the search for new physics.
An experiment to study neutrinos – elementary particles that interact weakly with matter. It was initially carried out at the Laboratori Nazionali del Gran Sasso (LNGS). Later upgraded at CERN and transported to Fermilab in the USA, where it is now a part of the SBN project (Short Base Neutrino Program).
The experiment is focused on three areas: physics of strongly interacting matter (studies of phase transitions to quark-gluon plasma), support of neutrino experiments in determining the parameters of the neutrino beam, and research related to cosmic radiation. These three goals are united by the apparatus – a world-unique SPS (Super Proton Synchrotron) accelerator and detector system.
The production of particles containing charm quarks is a complex process. Such particles can contain one charm quark (or one anti charm quark), and then we call them open charm. Particles which in their structure contain both quark and antiquark charm, the so-called hidden charm (or charmonium), are also produced. Examples of particles with open charm are D mesons, and an example of charmonium is J/psi meson.
Cherenkov radiation (also known as the Cherenkov Effect) is electromagnetic radiation emitted when a charged particle (e.g., electron) moves through a material medium at a speed greater than the phase velocity of light in that medium. The electromagnetic wave is emitted in a well-defined direction at an acute angle to the particle’s direction of motion. This type of radiation is named after the Russian physicist Pavel A. Cherenkov, who described this physical phenomenon.
A state of nuclear matter occurring at high temperatures and high matter density. It is a mixture of free quarks and gluons.
Team established at the University of Silesia commissioned to jointly pursue specific scientific or artistic goals. Two teams from the August Chełkowski Institute of Physics carry out scientific research at CERN. “Theory and Phenomenology of Particle Physics” team led by Prof. Jerzy Gluza and “Nuclear Physics in Interaction Research and Its Applications”, whose leader is Prof. Jan Kisiel. The latter team includes the research group “Collisions of Heavy Ions at Intermediate and High Energies”, coordinated by Seweryn Kowalski, PhD, DLitt, Associated Professor.
See chapter 2: “CERN, a working example of global scientific collaboration” Jurgen Schukraft, Invited talk at the international meeting ‘South-South and North-South Collaboration in Science and Technology’, Islamabad, Pakistan, 12-13 March 2004