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University of Silesia in Katowice

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Faculty of Natural Sciences
Logo European City of Science 2024
Biotechnology and experimental biology of plants Biotechnology and experimental biology of plants
  • Analysis of the structure and evolution of the plant genome at the cytomolecular level
  • Functional genomics of crop and model plants
  • Morphogenetic and mathematical analysis of the growth and development of plant organs
  • Origin and function of electrical potentials of plants
  • Analysis of symplastic communication and the role of physico-chemical cell wall changes in cell differentiation
Environmental biotechnology Environmental biotechnology
  • Microbiological decomposition of selected aromatic compounds under cometabolic conditions
  • Acquisition and improvement of key enzymes involved in the degradation of compounds with an aromatic structure
  • Research on the influence of leachate on the functional diversity and microbiological activity of activated sludge
  • Research on the interaction between rhizobacterial and endophytic bacterial strains and plants
  • Functioning of microorganisms in soils contaminated with pesticides
  • Risk assessment of the spread of genes encoding antibiotic resistance to ampicillin and tetracycline
  • Decomposition of polymer materials
  • Microbiological breakdown of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) by selected free and immobilized bacterial strains
  • The use of immobilized consortia of nitrifying bacteria for the construction of the bioindicator of water environment pollution
  • Water management
  • The use of biomarkers in remediation processes of polluted environments
  • Aspects of xenobiotics neutralization at the level of animal digestive system
  • The use of biopesticides and other possibilities of controlling the number of harmful species.
Ecology and environmental protection Ecology and environmental protection
  • Biodiversity in assessing and forecasting the state of the environment
  • Ecological processes in natural and anthropogenic environments
  • Ecophysiological reactions of plants and animals
Experimental biology, phylogenesis and developmental process(...) Experimental biology, phylogenesis and developmental processes in animals
  • Strategies of development of animals under environmental stress (Insecta, Aranea; Oligochaeta, Gastropoda)
  • Establishment of phylogenetic relationships within Hemipter at the subordinate level: Sternorrhynch, Fulgoromorpha and Cicadomorpha and Heteroptera.
  • Reproductive systems and gametogenesis of selected invertebrates (Clitellata, Tardigrada, Insecta)
  • Development, structure and functioning of the mesenteron of invertebrates (Hexapoda, Crustacea, Myriapoda, Tardigrada)
  • Organ differentiation in embryonic development of vertebrates
Basic geology Basic geology
  • tectonics and structural geology
  • geology of the Upper Silesian Coal Basin, Sudetes and Carpathians
  • regional geology of the world
  • geothermics
  • drill core analysis
  • study of processes and deposits of marine and terrestrial environments of deposition
  • facies analysis
  • analysis of sedimentary basins
  • production of surface and subsurface geological maps
  • identification and documentation of areas of deposits
  • Spatial Information Systems in geology
  • application of Telegeoinformatics in geology
  • spatial modeling in geology
  • palynology and Quaternary stratigraphy
  • paleogeographic reconstruction of Quaternary environments
  • geomorphology
  • research on landslides and landslide-prone areas, mass movements
  • deformations of the land surface in mining areas
  • reconstruction of post-mining areas
  • structural geomorphology in tectonically active zones
Applied geology Applied geology
  • geology and economics of deposits
  • mining geology
  • exploration, identification and documentation of mineral resources
  • protection of mineral resources
  • tectonophysics and research on rock destruction processes
  • applied and mining geophysics
  • engineering geophysics (research on rock fractures, cavities detection, slope stability assessment)
  • mining seismology
  • seismo-acoustics (acoustic emission)
  • microseismology
  • geophysical measurements of migration of pollutants in groundwater
Paleontology and stratigraphy Paleontology and stratigraphy
  • Palynological studies of myospores and acritarch of the Paleozoic of Poland
  • Taxonomy of selected groups of fossil fauna (corals, molluscs, brachiopods, echinoderms, conodonts) with the use of statistical methods
  • Analysis of faunal succession in the early Paleozoic (Devonian, Carboniferous) and Mesozoic of southern Poland with particular emphasis on the Świętokrzyskie Mountains and the Silesian-Cracow region
  • Biostratigraphic, paleoecological and paleobiogeographic studies of fossil flora and fauna communities of the Paleozoic and Mesozoic
  • Comprehensive ecosystem analysis of biological and geological events, primarily the late Devonian extinction, using facies and geochemical analysis of the development of fossil biocoenoses.
  • Research on the spread of modern aeroplankton in the atmosphere and its monitoring
Hydrogeology and engineering geology Hydrogeology and engineering geology
  • Determination and management of groundwater resources, including areas affected by mining
  • Preparation of groundwater-management balances and determining groundwater use conditions
  • Definition of the protection strategy and monitoring of groundwater quality in Upper Silesia and its peripheries, with particular emphasis on fracture-karst aquifers
  • Determining hydrochemical zoning of the Upper Silesian Coal Basin in the context of intensive mining drainage
  • Regional hydrogeological characteristics of the Upper Silesian massif
Reconstruction of the geographical environment Reconstruction of the geographical environment
  • The role of climatic and anthropogenic factors in the transformation of the natural environment, in particular: anthropogenic transformations of the relief, geoarcheology, recording of changes in the natural environment in late glacial and holocene, human-environment relations in prehistory, Quaternary malacology (Wysoki Jesionik, Opole Plain, Bierawka and Kłodnica valleys)
  • Dendrochronology, dendrogeomorphology and dendroclimatology, in particular: climate reconstruction with the use of modern dendrochronological methods (Scandinavia, Central Europe, Balkans, Iceland), temporal and spatial variability analysis of extreme phenomena such as debris flows, snow avalanches, floods, landslides, rockfall and particle fall, development of dendrochronological tools for environmental research and dendroarcheological dating (the Tatra Mountains, Babia Góra, the Karkonosze Mountains, the Kamienne Mountains, Czech Republic and Canada)
  • The formation of Quaternary deposits, in particular slope and fluvial deposits, sedimentological interpretation of slope deposits based on macro- and micromorphological analysis, slope cover stratigraphy in the mountains and highlands of southern Poland, deposit environments and lithology of biogenic deposits in river valleys (Świętokrzyskie Mountains, Cracow-Częstochowa Upland, Bierawka and Kłodnica valleys)
  • Fluvial geomorphology and river valley deposits, in particular: anabranching river systems, gravel-bed rivers in mountain areas and their forelands, morphodynamics of riverbeds, consequences of river engineering (Oder, Vistula, Soła River and Liswarta River), development of river valleys, historical industrial development of the river valleys and the adjacent areas (Silesian Beskid Mountains, Opole Plain, Świętokrzyskie Mountains)
  • Geohazards, in particular analysis of landslide hazards, debris flows and snow avalanches, methods of early warning against natural disasters (Żywiec Beskid Mountains, Kamienne Mountains, Low Beskid Mountains, Podhale Region, the Tatra Mountains, China)
  • Development of the relief in the mountain areas (Kamienne Mountains, Wysoki Jesionik, Silesian Beskid Mountains)
  • The impact of air pollution on the annual growth of trees and the use of plant indicators in environmental epidemiology (Silesian Upland, Podhale Region, Żywiecka Valley)
  • Formation of orogenic deposits, development of the Variscan orogenic belts of Central Europe, reconstruction of multiphase deformation and metamorphism processes and U-Pb dating (Western Carpathians)
  • Environment of Quaternary deposits formation
  • The role of climatic and anthropogenic factors in the transformation of the natural environment
Economic geography Economic geography
  1. Spatial aspects of the quality of life of residents of the province of Katowice against the background of demographic and social transformations of the region, in particular:
  • environmental pollution with particular regard to industrial plants
  • ecological awareness of the inhabitants of polluted regions
  • selected communes’ local markets
  • access to health care facilities
  • population issues
  1. Selected elements of the transformation of the spatial and organizational infrastructure of cities, in particular the following were analyzed:
  • changes in the level of market infrastructure in the city and its functioning
  • spatial and functional transformations of the urban complex in the context of space functional management
  • local urban-rural settlement network
Climatology Climatology
  • urban and industrial climate
  • climate of mountain and polar areas
  • synoptic climatology taking into account long-term climate variability
  • satellite climatology
Geomorphology Geomorphology
  • Investigation of karst phenomena and processes in various climate zones, taking into account environmental protection
  • Research on the polar environment in connection with climate change, with particular emphasis on glacial karst and dynamic processes in glaciology
  • Study of the high-mountain environment with particular emphasis on the cryosphere of the Tatra Mountains
Physical Geography Physical Geography
  • Trends in the transformation of geosystems having undergone varying stages of anthropopressure
  • Assessment of surface water resources and water management
  • Transformation of physico-geographical processes in the context of diverse anthropopressure
  • The concept of teaching geography in relation to new directions of thinking in Earth sciences and pedagogy
  • The formation of biocenotic systems in anthropogenic substitute habitats on the outskirts of the eastern part of Upper Silesian Industrial Region
Geography of regions and tourism Geography of regions and tourism
  • general classification of tourism and tourist value classification
  • impact and assessment of the impact of tourism on the natural environment and the cultural landscape
  • assessment of anthropopression in selected tourist areas and the theoretical aspects of sustainable development in tourism
  • the concept of landscape in tourism and the concept of landscape and tourism interaction
  • tourist attractiveness of selected countries of the world
  • tourist potential of the regions of Poland and abroad (natural and cultural values)
  • the concept and strategy for the development of tourist products and facilities and their strong brand
  • management and marketing used in tourist services
  • senior tourism and factors affecting its attractiveness in Poland
  • demographic changes and their impact on tourism
  • tourist planning and development
  • evolution of the cultural landscape
  • origin and typology of cultural landscapes
  • landscape management – landscape audit
  • landscape protection and threats
  • Polish landscape policy
  • assessment of the degree of anthropogenic landscape transformation
  • identification of the cultural landscape
  • assessment of the landscape value for the purposes of tourism
  • transformations to which the landscape is subject due to the influence of tourism (westernization, landscape hybridization)
Geochemistry, mineralogy and petrography Geochemistry, mineralogy and petrography
  • new and rare minerals from pyrometamorphic rocks
  • origin, transformations and interactions of fossil organic matter
  • coal petrology
  • mineralogy of atmospheric and industrial dusts
  • meteorites mineralogy
  • spectroscopy of minerals containing elements from transition groups
  • age, petrogenesis and mineralogy of igneous and post-igneous rocks and their rock cover, along with geodynamic interpretation
  • petroarcheology (research on Lusatian ceramics)
  • research, monitoring and determining the environmental impact of self-heating processes of coal deposits as well as coal and coal waste dumps
  • Environmental mineralogy
  • studies of anthropogenic organic compounds found in atmospheric aerosols, waters and soils
  • research on sources of natural radioactivity and environmental changes in the context of radioactive waste storage
  • studies on the environmental impact of products of thermal decomposition of organic carbon in various natural and industrial processes
  • qualitative and semi-quantitative analysis of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in environmental samples and in food
  • studies on the impact of atmospheric mineral dust on human health
  • comprehensive geochemical and mineralogical studies of rare (critical) ores
  • studies on the influence of oxidation and self-heating processes on the properties of coals
  • comprehensive geochemical, mineralogical and petrographic studies of energy waste
  • comprehensive research into the possibilities of processing of old and modern post-mining and metallurgical waste.
  • assessment of luminescent properties of inorganic and organic natural and synthetic materials
  • assessment of the useful properties of siliceous rocks.
  • comprehensive research into prediction of coke quality
  • comprehensive research into effective coal utilization
  • comprehensive research into obtaining gases of organic origin
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