Institute of Linguistics is a vibrant institution that assembles scholars conducting research both in different languages and in manifold areas of language. Their research concerns both the language structure (Phonetics and Phonology, Morphology, Syntax, Semantics), and the specialised and interdisciplinary branches of linguistics, e.g. Historical Linguistics, Applied Linguistics (including Language Pedagogy, Translation and Interpreting, Lexicography, and Speech Therapy), Cognitive Linguistics, Sociolinguistics, Psycholinguistics, and Ethnolinguistics.
Depending on the language, however, the scope of investigation differs. As for the researchers of the Polish language, they explore the following areas and branches of linguistics: the history of Polish, Lexicology, (both contemporary and historical), Sociolinguistics, Stylistics, Semantics (including historical semantics), Onomastics, Ethnolinguistics, and speech therapy.
Research in English revolves around both theoretical and applied issues. On the one hand, it focuses on the very substance of English: Phonetics and Phonology, Morphology (including comparative morphology), Constructions and Syntax, Semantics, and Pragmatics. At the same time, it concerns such branches of linguistics as Historical linguistics, Sociolinguistics (especially specialist languages, e.g. academic discourse), Cognitive linguistics, and Psycholinguistics. On the other hand, it concerns such applied areas as Second and Foreign Language Pedagogy, Translation and Interpreting.
As for the researchers working in German, their interest focuses on the German language, Contrastive Linguistics, and Sociolinguistics (especially specialist languages). In the area of applied linguistics, they explore the Language Pedagogy of German, Translation, Lexicography and Lexicology.
The investigation conducted in French, Spanish, and Italian addresses such branches of linguistics as Text linguistics, Cognitive linguistics, and Ethnolinguistics. Within applied linguistics, the researchers concentrate on Lexicography, Language Pedagogy, and Translation.
The research in Russian and Slavonic languages is directed to Ethnolinguistics and such branches of applied linguistics as Comparative linguistics and Translation.
The Institute runs a number of research projects, has well-equipped laboratories, and cooperates with many Polish and international scientific organisations.