The August Chełkowski Institute of Physics, which is part of the Faculty of Science and Technology, located on the Chorzów campus of the University of Silesia, enjoys long traditions of development of physics in the Silesian region. It is one of the first Institutes to be created in the Silesian “Alma Mater”. Currently, the Institute boasts the “A” scientific category, according to a comprehensive assessment of the quality of scientific or research and development activities of scientific units, carried out by the Polish Evaluation Committee of Scientific Units, and its researchers organized in teams conduct world-class research. The Institute cooperates with many scientific centers around the world, and the financing of research conducted at the Institute is largely based on external funds (grants). Moreover, now when the rapid progress of technology driven by the development of science is taking place, the role of institutions involved in scientific research and education in the field of sciences is changing. In particular, more and more research is conducted at the interface of various disciplines of science: physics, chemistry, computer science and materials engineering, as well as on the border of the so-called basic and application research. The Institute of Physics keeps up with these changes, which makes it an institution recognizable both in Poland and in the world. It should be emphasized that the recognition of the Institute in the world of science is also largely determined by the proper selection of research topics implemented by its employees, such as: theoretical physics of elementary particles, theoretical physics of condensed matter, experimental nuclear physics, experimental condensed matter physics, biophysics and medical physics, modeling and obtaining pharmacological substances and the creation of innovative amorphous drugs, computer modeling of soft matter properties, physicochemistry of synthesis and high pressure polymerization or physical aspects quantum information processing methods.