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Uniwersytet Śląski w Katowicach

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Wydział Sztuki i Nauk o Edukacji

E-learning in the Time of COVID-19
Scientific Editor Eugenia Smyrnova-Trybulska
“E-learning”, 13, Katowice–Cieszyn 2021, pp. 210–224
https://doi.org/10.34916/el.2021.13.18

THE ETHICAL ASPECTS OF ICT USAGE IN INTERCOMMUNION WITH PARENTS OF PRESCHOOLERS WITH SPECIAL EDUCATIONAL NEEDS

Olena Denysiuk 1, Liubov Lokhvytska 2, Nataliia Martovytska 3, & Zhanna Petrochko 4
1,4 Borys Grinchenko Kyiv University, 18/2 Bulvarno-Kudriavska str., Kyiv, 04053, Ukraine, o.denysiuk@kubg.edu.ua, ORCID 0000-0001-5108-8370, z.petrochko@kubg.edu.ua, ORCID 0000-0002-4413-1243
2 Hryhorii Skovoroda University in Pereiaslav, 30, Sukhomlynskyi str., Pereiaslav, 08401, Ukraine, lokhvytska@gmail.com, ORCID 0000-0001-6852-5477
3 Bohdan Khmelnytsky National University of Cherkasy, 81, Shevchenko blvd., Cherkasy, 18000, Ukraine, nv.martovytska@gmail.com, ORCID 0000-0002-7258-3458

Abstract: In today’s world, the use of information and communication technologies (ICTs) has become much more relevant because of the COVID-19 pandemic. The consequences of quarantine restrictions have sharpened the problems connected with the education and upbringing of preschoolers with special educational needs (SEN), who needed to establish an effective intercommunion of parents with special- ists through ICT. The authors’ aim was to clarify the theoretical basis of the research problem and to determine the ethical aspects of the ICT usage in communication with parents of preschoolers with SEN. Based on the methods of analysis, synthesis and generalization, the authors presented a theoretical review of the feasibility of ICT in the process of working with preschoolers, outlined the specifics for children with SEN, and established the role of ICT in cooperation of teachers with parents of preschoolers in preschool educational institutions (PEI). Empirical material was collected using the method of written survey (questionnaire) of parents. The research group consisted of parents of preschoolers with SEN (n=124) from four PEIs in Ukraine. The results testified to the existing problems and difficulties that parents face in the process of communication through ICT. The key and additional ethical aspects of the use of ICT in communication between teachers and parents are identi- fied, which not only raises knowledge about information content, but also produces a friendly attitude between all participants, aimed at compliance with socio-ethical norms of behaviour, respect and mutual trust.

Keywords: information and communication technologies (ICT), preschool children with special educational needs, parents of preschoolers with special educational needs, communication, ethical aspects of communication, distance learning.

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